Our linear experience of time is totally cannon. Sisko explains it in the pilot.
Kirk is an aggressive, domineering presence. He leaves Spock, his Platonic logos metaphor on board the enterprise, and sets forth with only his stallions epithumia and thumos, as well as a couple red shirts - human lives reduced to mere resources to be utilized and appropriated by Kirk’s Will as he conquers the natives and ravishes their women. Kirk’s Will craves violence; it may be a Master’s Will but without logos to turn in upon itself and rule itself and the other parts with Justice, Kirk’s Competitive and Appetitive drives run amok and pit themselves against other consciousness.
Picard, in contrast is shown to be a man not merely of science, but a Renaissance Man, a consummate thinker who considers multiple interpretations and celebrates the wisdom understanding and hermeneutic insight, gained by a Gesamteswissenschaft perspective. Picard does not demand a slave, an Other, to acknowledge his existence, rather he seeks out an Other for dialogue and conversation, to both accumulate and exercise power and knowledge in a forum where the Other may retain their alterity without being shoehorned and reduced into Picard’s frame of reference.
Picard’s relation to the other is thus not one of violent struggle, but of seeking a common ground, a Lichtung or clearing in which language might mediate and serve as a means of mutual unconcealment and discourse between Picard and the Other. We see this as Kirk is reluctant to ask anyone for help, save Spock/logos and even then only in dire straits; Picard, though, will often solicit advice, suggestions, or thoughts from Data, Riker, Geordi, Deanna, the character Whoopi Goldberg played, Worf, and others when he sees the opportunity to enrich his interpretation by recognizing how their prejudices and experiences might complement his and bridging onto-historical horizons through language. Kirk is a bully, but Picard is a communicator, and I can’t recall a single battle wherein Picard did not make every effort to bring the enemy commander on-screen for dialogue and non-violent reconciliation.
Every Ferengi Rule of Acquisition, in order.